Policy programme for employment, entrepreneurship and worklife
In order to secure a sound basis for economic growth, employment and the welfare society, it will be necessary to improve productivity and the standard of quality of the working environment over the next few decades, with productivity playing an increasingly important part as people are ageing.
A new Finnish modus operandi will be worked out to create greater harmony between job security and flexibility. Promoting these objectives side by side will help respond to the needs of both the employer and employees.
The programme will be prepared and implemented in consultation with the labour market and entrepreneur organisations. The policy programme is designed to ensure true commitment to jointly established strategic goals on the part of the various parties. Due consideration in the course of preparation will be given to the proposal by the working group, appointed by the Ministry of Labour, as to the enhancement of productivity and the standard of quality of worklife.
Proper consideration will be given in the policy programme to the views presented in the appointed working group’s report to an incentive-oriented social security system. In particular, the implementation of the political programme calls for an analysis of how to extend the working careers of ageing personnel in the context of the envisaged incentive social security system.
The policy programme will also take due account of the new guidelines presented in the government programme designed to renew employment policies calling for early intervention in order to prevent social exclusion. Resources will be allocated to measures that offer the greatest potential in terms of improving the employment of those out of work.
The policy programme foresees reforms across administrative divisions and institutional changes. Central positions are as follows:
- In order to improve productivity and support a higher employment rate, an extensive survey will be carried out to explore the reasons why new jobs are not created and, in particular, why the threshold for employing the first new employee is so high. At the same time, an attempt will be made to identify the factors which affect the employability of individuals. Steps will be taken to remove such obstacles without compromising the security of employees.
- To promote the availability of labour, steps will be promoted to shorten the time required for completing degrees, extend work careers, increase the incentive aspect of social security, and promote work-based immigration. Projects to reconcile work and family life will be promoted. At the same time, the programme will need to find ways of improving job satisfaction and well-being at work.
- Admission rates to education will be adjusted to respond to the demand of labour. A project will be launched to identify fields of activity suffering from a shortage of labour, and steps taken in the context of a project involving a range of actors to improve the situation. Foresighting resources, to predict the need of labour and its implications for training and education, will be evaluated.
- In the face of on-going change, steps will be taken to address the discrepancy between jobs and job-seekers; this is partly due to regional discrepancies or the incompatibility of the required qualifications and employee skills. Professional and geographical mobility will be increased. Apprenticeship, supplementary and postqualification training (also involving universities) will be expanded and made more responsive to demand.
- As in the past, a permanent employment relationship will remain a guarantee for job security and productivity. However, the new modi operandi call for greater flexibility in the labour market. The goal is to strike a balance between sound business environments, various forms of employment, and job security. At the same time, steps will have to be taken to improve the position of people holding atypical jobs and positions.
- Additionally, the political programme will support the measures undertaken in the individual administrative sectors to encourage entrepreneurship and to remove the impediments to the growth of firms and companies. Entrepreneur training will be promoted, tax incentives increased and the social security of entrepreneurs improved. Additionally, inputs will be made to promote management and business skills in support of innovations.
Minister of Economic Affairs Mauri Pekkarinen, chairperson
Public Administration and Local Government Tapani Tölli
Social Affairs and Health Juha Rehula
Minister of Housing Jan Vapaavuori
Education Henna Virkkunen
Minister of the Interior Anne Holmlund
Minister of Migration and European Affairs Astrid Thors
Director Marjaana Aarnikka
Ministry of Employment and the Economy
tel. +358 10 606 2122
Secretary Marita Suomi
tel. +358 10 606 3569
Ministry of Employment and the Economy
PO Box 32
Office: Aleksanterinkatu 4, Helsinki