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työ- ja elinkeinoministeriö

Energy Efficiency Agreements and Audits

The Ministry of Trade and Industry has been supporting energy audits and analyses of buildings and production processes since 1992. Energy audits are comprehensive studies of energy consumption representing opportunities for the more efficient use of energy, to be implemented in accordance with separate instructions. At the end of 2007, more than 6,800 buildings used for manufacturing and service production were covered by auditing activities. The annual impact on energy conservation is estimated at approximately 1 TWh. The Ministry of Employment and the Economy will continue this work, which was launched by the Ministry of Trade and Industry. Energy audits supported by the Ministry of Employment and the Economy concern the private and public service sectors, industry and the energy industry. In 2006, energy auditing was extended to transport chains. The energy auditing of residential blocks of flats, the main responsibility for which belongs to the Ministry of the Environment, was launched in 2003.

In energy auditing, Finland is an internationally appreciated pioneer. Finland’s experiences and know-how have often been put to good use by other countries establishing energy audit programmes. For example, Finland has co-ordinated two large European Commission SAVE II programme projects and, in the autumn of 2006, organised an international AUDIT '06 conference.

Motiva Oy is responsible for the management of energy audits supported by the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, and its tasks include the promotion and monitoring of energy auditing activities, the training of auditing personnel, and the quality control of auditing measures. Applications for assistance for energy audits are handled regionally by Employment and Economic Development Centres. More detailed information on energy auditing activities can be found on the website of Motiva Oy.

New Energy Efficiency Agreement Scheme for the Promotion of Energy Efficiency and Use of Renewable Sources of Energy in 2008-2016

The new energy efficiency agreements for the period 2008–2016, for which the Ministry of Employment and the Economy holds the main responsibility, were signed by the House of the Estates on 4 December 2007.

The purpose of the energy efficiency agreement scheme is to contribute, in accordance with the national energy and climate strategy, to the fulfilment of our international commitments in the fight against climate change. This new agreement scheme is especially important to the implementation of the Energy Services Directive (ESD) that entered into force in May 2006. The Energy Services Directive conferred a nine per cent energy conservation target upon Finland for the period 2008–2016, which, translated into energy, amounts to 17.8 TWh. Under the new agreement scheme, efforts have been made to take the obligations of this Directive into account, and Finland succeeded in negotiating agreements on the implementation of these obligations as alternatives to regulatory steering. Where the implementation of the obligations pursuant to the Directive is not possible through these agreements, the necessary regulations will be prepared in early 2008.


The Ministry of Trade and Industry was responsible for the preparation of the new agreements and is a signatory to the energy efficiency agreements made during 2007. At the turn of the year, total responsibility for all agreement activities was transferred to the new Ministry of Employment and the Economy. As such, this reorganisation of the ministry will not have an impact on the agreement scheme.

From Energy Conservation Agreements to Energy Efficiency Agreements

In the autumn of 2005, an agreement was made to continue the energy conservation agreements, for which the main responsibility was allocated to the Ministry of Trade and Industry until the end of 2007. The two-year extension period was required in order to take changes in the operating environment and future challenges into account when preparing the energy efficiency agreement scheme planned for the period 2008-2016. On the basis of the overall assessment of the energy conservation agreements, completed in February 2005, companies and communities were willing to continue energy conservation measures and the promotion of the use of renewable sources of energy on the basis of the agreements. In light of the good results achieved, continuing the agreement scheme also proved to be justified from the Ministry of Trade and Industry’s perspective.

The preparation of new energy efficiency agreements has been conducted in close co-operation with industrial federations, companies and communities. One of the obligations under the Energy Services Directive is the public display of the agreement scheme and models before the actual launch of the Directive. In order to fulfil this obligation, the Ministry of Trade and Industry displayed all of the agreement documents on its website during 2007.

As far as new sectors are concerned, the Ministry of Employment and the Economy is responsible for energy efficiency agreements in business and industry and the energy efficiency agreements and energy programmes of the municipal sector. Besides the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, the signatories to the third new agreement, the HÖYLÄ III energy efficiency agreement concerning the distribution of heating and transport fuels, include the Ministry of the Environment.

More detailed information on the new energy efficiency agreement scheme as well as the energy conservation agreements ending at the end of 2007 has been assembled on the Motiva Oy website.

Agreement Sector of Business and Industry

Of the energy efficiency agreement sectors, business and industry is the largest, including the whole industrial sector, the service sector, energy production as well as district heating, and the electricity transmission, distribution and retail market. Structurally, the energy efficiency agreement in business and industry works based on a framework agreement signed between the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, the Confederation of Finnish Industries, and industrial associations, specifying the mutual obligations of the signatories as well as measures targeted at companies adhering to the agreement scheme.

A company joins the agreement scheme by signing an accession document, by which the company commits itself to implementing the measures included in the action programmes. In general, these action programmes are drawn up specifically for each business sector, but a separate action programme has been drawn up for the energy-intensive industry, due to the sector’s special features. Companies still lacking an action programme for their specific industry can join the general action programme for business and industry. An industrial association can join the framework agreement if an action programme has been drawn up for the sector and has been approved by the steering group for framework agreements.

The Ministry of Employment and the Economy, the Confederation of Finnish Industries, and Motiva Oy have participated in co-operation with industrial associations and company representatives in the preparation of the energy efficiency agreement in business and industry.

The attachments to the framework agreement include the action programmes listed below as well as the Energy Efficiency Scheme associated with the action programmes of energy-intensive industry and energy production:


–        Action programme for energy-intensive industry

–        Action programme for energy production

–        Action programme for food and drink industry

–        Action programme for chemical industry

–        Action programme for plastics industry

–        Action programme for wood-processing industry

–        Action programme for technology industry

–        Action programme for commerce

–        Action programme for Finnish Hotel and Restaurant Association FHR

–        Action programme for energy services

–        General action programme for business and industry

Each industrial association is responsible for its member companies’ adherence to the agreement scheme in business and industry. Responsibility for the adherence of energy-intensive industry and companies without a sectoral action programme to the agreement scheme belongs to the Confederation of Finnish Industries. Accession documents for companies are available from the Confederation of Finnish Industries or the related industrial association.

Municipal Agreement Sector

The agreement scheme for the municipal sector has two alternative agreement models. Large and medium-sized municipalities can join a bilateral energy efficiency agreement between the Ministry of Employment and the Economy and the municipality in question. Small companies can adhere to an energy programme managed by Motiva Oy, which the municipality can join by signing the accession document. The energy efficiency agreement with the Ministry of Employment and the Economy can be signed by a town or municipality with more than 5,000 inhabitants and federations of municipalities with energy consumption exceeding 20,000 MWh per year. Towns or municipalities with 5,000-20,000 inhabitants and federations of municipalities with energy consumption between 5,000-20,000 MWh per year can choose between an energy efficiency agreement or an energy programme.

The model for energy efficiency agreements was drafted by the experts of the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Turku and Oulu, and Motiva Oy. The municipal energy programme was drafted by the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities, and Motiva Oy.

Agreement Sector of Distribution of Heating and Transport Fuels

Responsibility for the preparation of the energy efficiency agreement for the distribution of heating and transport fuels sector (HÖYLÄ III) belonged to the Finnish Oil and Gas Federation, the Oil and Gas Heating Federation, the Federation of Finnish Petrol Retailers and Transport Service Providers (SBL), and Öljyalan Palvelukeskus Oy. The other signatories of the energy efficiency agreement are Neste Marketing Ltd, oy Shell ab, St1 Oy, Suomalainen Energiaosuuskunta (SEO), and Oy Teboil Ab.

Energy Efficiency Agreement for Real Estate Managers and Investors

Negotiations on the agreement model are underway.

Page last updated: 07.01.2014

Further information:

Pentti Puhakka