The Ministry of Employment and the Economy represents Finland in energy efficiency matters within the EU, and within other international cooperation contexts. In this, its aim is to promote the efficient use of energy. The MEE coordinates national energy efficiency policy, while actively monitoring developments in the field. Cooperation and the consultation of various sectors are integral to MEE activities. The primary objective of energy efficiency is the cost-effective reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Within the EU, the common goal is a 20 per cent increase in energy efficiency by 2020.
In addition to curbing climate change, saving energy is vital for other reasons, including securing the energy supply, decreasing the need for imported energy, reducing energy costs, and other environmental aspects, such as environmental protection and air pollution control. Emission reduction goals also promote increasing the share of renewable energy.
Co-generation of heat and electricity, broad coverage of voluntary energy efficiency agreements, and the systematic implementation of energy audits are good examples of successful energy conservation measures undertaken in Finland.
The European Union’s Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), which entered into force on 4 December 2012, covers energy production and use in the public and private sectors. It replaces the Energy Services Directive (2006/32/EC) and the CHP Directive (Directive 2004/8/EC) on the cogeneration of power and heat.
In accordance with the Directive, the national energy efficiency objective applies to all. Measures for saving energy and enhancing the efficiency of energy consumption contribute towards meeting this objective. In Finland, heating energy represents approximately one fourth of final energy consumption. The aim is therefore to further enhance energy efficiency in buildings. During warm summers, energy efficient solutions reduce the need for cooling. Promoting the use of district heating, cooling and cogeneration presents an opportunity for Finland, because we have expertise in this field. Simultaneously, it is important to promote energy efficiency within electricity and natural gas networks.
In many energy conservation measures and in terms of efficiency of energy use, Finland numbers among the leading countries in the world. Cost-efficient solutions and our voluntary energy efficiency agreement system have helped us to achieve this. At present, energy efficiency is the source of most of the cleantech business’s value.
Motiva Oy is a
government-owned company that performs practical work in promoting energy
saving and the use of renewable energy sources.