Cooperation along the external borders of the EU (ENPI CBC)
During the 2007–2013 programming period, cooperation across the European Union's external borders will be carried out under the Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) and the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA). These instruments will receive funding under the European Territorial Cooperation objectives from a separate allocation to cross-border cooperation along the EU's external borders. In the 2000–2006 programming period, cross-border cooperation along external borders was covered by Interreg and neighbourhood programmes.
Cross-border cooperation along external borders is based on the ENPI and IPA Regulations. In
The Commission's four general objectives to be included in each programme are as follows:
Promoting economic and social development
Addressing common challenges
Ensurring efficient and secure borders
Promoting local cross-border "people-to-people" actions
ENPI CBC programmes carried out in
According to the Commission's Strategy Paper, three ENPI CBC programmes will be implemented across the Finnish and Russian border during the 2007–2013 programming period. These will cover the areas previously included under the South-eastern Finland-Russia, Euregio-Karelia and North/Kolarctic neighbourhood programmes. Total EU funding for the programmes will amount to around 87.6 million euros.