Structural Fund Programmes of the EU 2007–2013
The EU 2007–2013 Structural Funds programmes are designed to reinforce the attractiveness of the Member States and their regions and cities; promote innovation, entrepreneurship, employment and the knowledge-based economy; develop regional economies and create new and better jobs.
During the 2007–2013 programming period, Finland delivered the objectives of Regional Competitiveness and Employment, and European Territorial Cooperation.
The Regional Competitiveness and Employment objective highlights the need to focus on research, innovation, accessibility and the creation of jobs. Investment in human capital is of major importance in adjusting to economic and structural change.
The European Territorial Cooperation objective and the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) programme aim to reinforce integration in border regions and in wider areas of cross-border cooperation, and to promote the creation and strengthening of inter-region and inter-city networks. During the 2007–2013 programming period, Finland has participated in nine European Territorial Cooperation programmes and three ENPI programmes.
The EU support provides additional funding for Finland's national development efforts. During the 2007–2013 period, Finland receives approximately 1.7 billion euros. In addition, the EU programmes will incorporate around 2.01 billion euros of national public funding (central government 75%, municipalities 25%), and an estimated 2.3 billion euros of private funding..
The 2007–2013 National Strategic Reference Framework
The Finnish NSRF was designed to strengthen national and regional competitiveness, employment and well-being. The Structural Funds programmes advocated measures which respond to increasing national and international competition, anticipated and reacted flexibly to changes in the world economy, created attractive business, skills, working and living environments, and narrowed development disparities between areas. The NSRF has taken account of regional characteristics, allocating measures in particular to the East and North of Finland, sparsely populated areas, and the challenging areas in the South and West of Finland. In cross-border cooperation, Finland's priorities has focused on the Community's external borders (Finland/Russia), the northern regions and partnerships around the Baltic region.