Structural Fund Programmes of the EU 2007–2013
The EU 2007–2013 Structural Funds programmes are designed to reinforce the attractiveness of the Member States and their regions and cities; promote innovation, entrepreneurship, employment and the knowledge-based economy; develop regional economies and create new and better jobs.
During the 2007–2013 programming period, Finland will deliver the objectives of Regional Competitiveness and Employment, and European Territorial Cooperation.
The Regional Competitiveness and Employment objective highlights the need to focus on research, innovation, accessibility and the creation of jobs. Investment in human capital is of major importance in adjusting to economic and structural change.
The European Territorial Cooperation objective and the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) programme aim to reinforce integration in border regions and in wider areas of cross-border cooperation, and to promote the creation and strengthening of inter-region and inter-city networks. During the 2007–2013 programming period, Finland will participate in nine European Territorial Cooperation programmes and three ENPI programmes.
The Structural Funds programmes are closely linked to the national programmes, particularly in the policy sectors of employment, entrepreneurship, innovation and energy. Creating broad-based efficiencies and synergies in development efforts is sought by aligning and coordinating Structural Fund measures and national measures.
The EU support provides additional funding for Finland's national development efforts. During the 2007–2013 period, Finland will receive approximately 1.7 billion euros. In addition, the EU programmes will incorporate around 2.01 billion euros of national public funding (central government 75%, municipalities 25%), and an estimated 2.3 billion euros of private funding. The benefit drawn from the funds will be greater than their total sum, thanks to new models of operation and excellence created by the funded projects.
The 2007–2013 National Strategic Reference Framework
Finland's National Strategic Reference Framework (NSRF) sets out the objectives and focus areas for the delivery of funds for development projects. The NSRF and the ERDF operational programmes for 2007–2013 were adopted by the European Commission in September 2007.
The NSRF is implemented with the help of operational programmes. These set out measures in line with the NSRF focus areas, centring on those measures which offer the best support to national and regional development trends.
NSRF is designed to strengthen national and regional competitiveness,
employment and well-being. The Structural Funds programmes will advocate
measures which respond to increasing national and international competition,
anticipate and react flexibly to changes in the world economy, create
attractive business, skills, working and living environments, and narrow
development disparities between areas. The NSRF takes account of regional
characteristics, allocating measures in particular to the East and North of
Finland, sparsely populated areas, and the challenging areas in the South and
West of Finland. In cross-border cooperation, Finland's priorities focus on the
Community's external borders (Finland/Russia), the northern regions and
partnerships around the Baltic region.