Job alternation leave and study leave
Job alternation leave
The purpose of job alternation leave is to make it easier for an employee to cope at work and at the same time offer an unemployed jobseeker the opportunity to gain work experience through fixed-term employment. It is also an opportunity for an employer to benefit from having someone with new skills and expertise on the staff. The employee and employer jointly agree on the employee’s option to take job alternation leave. The employee may use the leave any way he or she wishes.
The minimum period allowed for job alternation leave is 90 calendar days, and the maximum period is 359 calendar days. Whilst an employee is on job alternation leave their employment relationship is dormant. Under the law, the substitute employee should in the first place be a young person, an unemployed person who has recently gained a professional qualification, or a long-term unemployed person. An unemployed person need not be engaged for the same duties which the employee taking job alternation leave has temporarily ceased to be responsible for.
The system of job alternation leave is enacted permanent since 2010. Compliance with this Act is supervised jointly by the labour and labour protection authorities.
The study leave system is a way to improve employees’ opportunities for training and study. Entitlement to study leave applies to employees,public servants in central and in local government. Someone whose employment relationship (main occupation) in the service of the same employer has lasted a total of one year, as one or more than one continuous period of time, is entitled to take study leave. The study must either take the form of government sponsored training in Finland or abroad, or be a course of training organised by a trade union.
Study leave may be taken for a maximum period of two years over a period of five years. It may be taken over one or more periods of time. If the employment relationship has lasted less than a year but no less than three months, the maximum period for study leave allowed is five days.
Study leave is unpaid, unless agreed otherwise separately with the employer. In general, no benefits which would normally have accumulated on the basis of employment accrue during the period taken for study leave. However, the employee will be entitled to annual holidays based on a maximum of 30 study leave days. Study leave may be interrupted on certain conditions. Compliance with this Act is supervised jointly by the authorities responsible for education, manpower, and labour protection, as provided for by decree.